|ARMY BUDGET SUPPORTS
WAR AND TRANSFORMATION
The President’s proposed budget for the Army, submitted to Congress in February, seeks to continue transformation efforts while supporting ongoing combat operations. The President is seeking $140.710 billion for the Army for fiscal year (FY) 2009, which is an increase of $11.801 billion, or 9.15 percent, over the $128.909 billion that Congress appropriated for FY 2008. The Army budget constitutes 27.3 percent of the $515.4 billion requested for the Department of Defense (DOD). The overall DOD budget represents a 7.5-percent increase over FY 2008 appropriations. (These figures do not include supplemental funding requests or appropriations for the Global War on Terrorism.)
The budget proposal is designed to sustain Soldiers, families, and civilians; prepare Soldiers for success in current operations; reset the Army to restore readiness and depth for future operations; transform the Army to meet the demands of the 21st century; and grow the Army and restore balance.
Spending requests by major category are—
- Military personnel: $47.041 billion in FY 2009 (an increase of 14.3 percent from the FY 2008 appropriation).
- Operation and maintenance: $39.761 billion in FY 2009 (up 10 percent from FY 2008 spending).
- Procurement: $24.552 billion in FY 2009 (up 8.4 percent).
- Research, development, test, and evaluation: $10.524 billion in FY 2009 (down 12.6 percent from FY 2008).
- Military construction: $5.437 billion in FY 2009 (up 17.6 percent).
- Family housing: $1.395 billion in FY 2009 (up 52.1 percent).
The procurement request will support the acquisition in FY 2009 of—
- 63 UH–60 Black Hawk utility helicopters for $1.063 billion.
- 16 CH–47F Chinook cargo helicopters for $443.5 million. Modifications costing $726.2 million will convert 23 CH–47Ds to the F model.
- 36 UH–72A Lakota light utility helicopters for $224.5 million.
- Seven joint cargo aircraft (JCA) for $264.2 million. The JCA will replace retiring C–23 and selected
C–12 transports. The JCA will be able to deliver routine sustainment items to forward supply bases and fly into and out of unimproved landing areas.
- 5,065 high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicles (HMMWVs) for $946.7 million.
- 3,171 family of medium tactical vehicles trucks and 2,743 trailers for $944.7 million.
- 345 palletized load system (PLS) trucks; 745 PLS trailers; 850 container roll-on-roll-off platforms; 320 container handling units; and 4,772 Movement Tracking Systems, for $923.3 million under the family of heavy tactical vehicles.
- 418 forward repair systems for $127.6 million.
- 36 M915A5 line-haul tractor trucks and 22 M916A3 light equipment transporter tractor trucks for $14.9 million.
- 45 rough-terrain container handlers for $45 million and 246 all terrain lifter, Army system, forklifts for $49 million.
- 85 large capacity field heaters (LCFHs) for $1.8 million. The LCFH is used to heat the new lightweight maintenance enclosure so Soldiers can repair equipment safely in cold conditions.
- 7 laundry advanced systems for $7 million. This is the Army’s mobile field laundry system, and the new acquisitions will be issued to new quartermaster field service companies.
- 106 containerized kitchens for $25.5 million and 130 assault kitchens for $7.5 million. The containerized kitchen is replacing the mobile kitchen trailer, and the assault kitchen is replacing the kitchen, company level, field feeding enhanced.
- 43 mobile integrated remains collection systems for $17.8 million.
- 484 mobile maintenance equipment systems for 58 million. These systems, which include the shop equipment contact maintenance truck, shop equipment welding trailer, and standard automotive tool set, support on-site battlefield maintenance.
- 1 joint high-speed vessel for $168.8 million. This is the second of the five joint high-speed
vessels the Army will acquire by FY 2012 to support logistics over-the-shore, in-theater port control, and riverine logistics operations.
The budget asks for $4.486 billion to execute 83 military construction projects designed to meet base realignment and closure requirements. Among these projects are construction of a Joint Center for Consolidated Transportation Management Training and a Joint Center of Excellence for Culinary Training at Fort Lee, Virginia, and construction of headquarters buildings for the Defense Contract Management Agency at Fort Lee, the Army Test and Evaluation Command at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, and the Army Training and Doctrine Command at Fort Eustis, Virginia.
FM 3–0 MAKES STABILITY OPERATIONS
A PART OF THE ARMY’S CORE MISSION
The latest version of Field Manual (FM) 3–0, Operations, was released in late February. The revised FM contains several changes to Army operations doctine, the most important of which makes stability operations the third core Army mission, along with offensive and defensive operations. This step was taken because the Government recognizes that failed states are breeding grounds for terrorists and insurgents. The Department of State has been assigned responsibility to conduct stability operations with the assistance of the military.
When combat operations subside, the Army must help to create stable governments and economies. Adding stability operations as the Army’s third core mission formalizes what it is doing now in Iraq and Afghanistan and what it has done in the past in places like Bosnia/Herzegovina, Somalia, Haiti, and Kosovo. Stability operations include civil security, civil control, support to governance, provision of essential services, and support to infrastructure and economic development.
To accomplish the stability mission, the Army will provide security in the civilian community until a legitimate civil government is able to assume that responsibility. The Army will help governments rebuild their judicial and corrections systems, provide shelter for persons displaced by war activities, provide medical care and health services, and help the country develop public infrastructure, such as roads, railways, airports, and telecommunications systems.
Because of this change in the Army's core mission, a successful operation will be redefined as establishing a self-governing nation rather than just removing the enemy.
Other changes cover information operations, warfighting functions, the spectrum of conflict, defeat and stability mechanisms, and joint interdependence and modular forces. FM 3–0 stresses the importance and influence of information in the 21st century. The FM brings a philosophical shift to how Soldiers and commanders are empowered to complete their
missions and adapt to their surroundings. It asks leaders to embrace risk, focus on creating opportunities to achieve decisive results, and take initiative. It also institutionalizes the need for cultural awareness. These changes serve to provide an environment in which leaders are empowered to think about how best to achieve the wanted results and make decisions accordingly.
|Supporting homeland security operations is one of the missions performed by the UH–72A Lakota light utility helicopter.
ARMY CONTRACTING COMMAND CREATED
The Army has announced a major restructuring of the Army Contracting Agency (ACA) in an effort to improve Army contracting management, particularly in expeditionary operations. The ACA, which currently is a field operating agency reporting to the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, will be reorganized as the Army Contracting Command (ACC) and realigned as a major subordinate command of the Army Materiel Command (AMC).
The creation of the ACC will implement the recommendation of the Commission on Army Acquisition and Program Management in Expeditionary Operations—better known as the Gansler Commission, after its chairman, former Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Dr. Jacques S. Gansler—to “Restructure organization and restore responsibility to facilitate contracting
and contract management in expeditionary and CONUS [continental United States] operations.” The commission specifically recommended that “a single Army Contracting Command . . . be established and charged with developing a relevant and ready expeditionary contracting capability. The Commander of the Army Contracting Command would have directive authority over all Army contracting capabilities and provide a single focal point for status and readiness of the Army-wide contracting workforce.”
The ACA currently supports installation-level contracting. The creation of the ACC will consolidate most of the Army’s contracting resources in one Army command that will be able to provide a full-range of contracting services. The ACC will be commanded by a major general. It will have two subordinate commands, an expeditionary contracting command and an installation contracting command, each headed by a brigadier general. The ACC will include 171 modular contingency contracting teams, each with 2 officers and 2 noncommissioned officers, which will be able to deploy where needed. The expeditionary contracting command will also have 18 battalions of 8 to 9 people each and 7 brigades. Each brigade will have an Army Criminal Investigation Command agent and an auditor.
The creation of the ACC is part of the Army Contracting Campaign Plan announced by the Secretary of the Army in February. The plan will guide the Army’s ongoing efforts to identify and implement needed changes in contracting doctrine, training, leader development, materiel, and personnel.
|A mine-resistant, ambush-protected vehicle (MRAP) drives onto a commercial vessel at the Naval Weapons Station Charleston, South Carolina, in preparation for shipment to the U.S. Central
Command (CENTCOM) area of operations. The U.S. Transportation Command (TRANSCOM) arranged for the sealift of more than 100 MRAPs in November. The 841st Transportation Battalion, Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command, managed port operations for this shipment, which was part of the largest air and sea shipment of MRAPs at one time. Most MRAPS previously had been sent by air. TRANSCOM plans to increase the number of MRAPs shipped by sea while continuing to ship by air to meet CENTCOM’s requirements.
URBAN OPERATIONS MUNITION APPROVED
The Army has approved the release of a new munition that will be safer and more effective for Soldiers to use in urban environments. The M1030 12-gauge shotgun breaching cartridge will reduce the danger posed by ricocheting fragments when Soldiers have to break down doors and disable locks.
According to R. Ned DeWitt, the product manager for crew served weapons at the Armament Research, Development, and Engineering Center at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, “The M1030 is an antimaterial cartridge designed to be used for defeating wooden doors (deadbolts, knobs, and hinges) and padlock hasps. . . . Current shotgun-ballistic breaching utilized 00 Buckshot cartridges that are not designed for breaching. Soldiers have suffered severe injuries during breaching operations
utilizing buckshot cartridges. The frangible [breakable] projectile of the M1030 minimizes ricochet hazards currently associated with buckshot breaching and provides a much safer alternative to the Soldier.”
The requirement for a munition like the M1030 was identified by the Army in 1997. The M1030 uses commercial off-the-shelf technology and will be produced by Alliant Techsystems, Inc., at its Anoka, Minnesota, plant.
AMMUNITION PLANTS REALIGN
The Joint Munitions Command (JMC), a component of the Army Joint Munitions and Lethality Life Cycle Management Command, Army Materiel Command, is realigning the command structure of its installations effective 1 June. The new organization will align JMC installations according to mission rather than geographic location.
Under the plan, Radford Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) in Virginia and Holston AAP in Tennessee will report to Pine Bluff Arsenal in Arkansas. Both plants currently are managed by Blue Grass Army Depot in Kentucky.
Blue Grass Army Depot will assume responsibility for Scranton AAP in Pennsylvania and will continue to manage Anniston Defense Munitions Center in Alabama.
Milan AAP in Tennessee and Mississippi AAP, which is located at the Stennis Space Center in Mississippi, will report to Crane Army Ammunition Activity in Indiana. (The commander of Milan AAP also commands Mississippi AAP.) Milan and Mississippi AAPs are now subordinate to Blue Grass Army Depot.
Lake City AAP in Missouri will operate under McAlester AAP in Oklahoma. McAlester AAP will continue to manage Red River Army Depot and Lone Star AAP in Texas and Kansas AAP, which are scheduled to close under the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission’s decisions.
Riverbank AAP in California and Hawthorne Army Depot in Nevada will continue report to Tooele Army Depot, Utah.
PROVE TO BE COST EFFECTIVE
A Lean Six Sigma analysis resulted in a process for repairing Government-owned containers that is cheaper than leasing commercial containers. The process was used in a collaboration by the Joint Munitions Command (JMC), Army Intermodal and Distribution Platform Management Office, the Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC), and Department of the Army Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, G–4, on a project that repaired and returned 110 Government-owned containers to service in lieu of using leased containers. McAlester Army Ammunition Plant, Oklahoma, and Tooele Army Depot, Utah, used the containers to move munitions into the U.S. Central Command theater of operations.
The process for repairing the Government-owned containers begins with the inspection of the containers at the depots to identify containers that are serviceable and containers that can be repaired. The first of each month, the Army Container Asset Management System compiles a list of reparable containers. JMC prioritizes the list by depot and sends it to SDDC, which manages Government-owned
container repair funds. SDDC sends JMC a military interdepartmental purchase request for each container approved for repair, and JMC forwards the funds to the appropriate depot.
To date, SDDC has funded the repair of 234
Government-owned containers at JMC sites and approved funding for another 113.
FOR SOLDIER EDUCATION
Soldiers and civilians now have access to more than 36,000 books on line. The Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) provides “ebrary,” a digital library whose books cover subjects that include logistics, education, military science, cultural awareness, computer science, leadership, and training. These books are accessible from military office computers and TRADOC school library computers at site.ebrary.com/lib/tradoc. Access to this site is limited by Internet protocol address. If you are unable to access ebrary from your office or school computer, contact your TRADOC school library or call (757) 788–2155.
Home use of ebrary should be available through Army Knowledge Online (AKO) in the near future. AKO currently offers a smaller collection of ebook titles specific to adult training and education at www.us.army.mil/suite/page/245736. Links provide two other digital libraries.
ARMY CAREER TRACKER COMING
The Army is developing a web-based career management tool, called Army Career Tracker (ACT), that will be used to integrate training, assignment history, and formal and informal education for Army military and civilian personnel. ACT will enable Soldiers and civilians to manage their careers. It also will allow supervisors to mentor, counsel, and plan for the development of their subordinates.
ACT will be able to receive career-related information and recommendations from supervisors and to execute development-related activities from a single launch point. Users will be able to register for classes, track completion of career advancement requirements, and request assignments using ACT. The tool will also support the current initiative to award college credits for Army training, in conjunction with partners in higher education, by providing a cross walk of Army training to higher education credits.
The pilot program is being developed for enlisted Soldiers and is scheduled for release this spring. Officer and civilian versions will be added in the near future.
2008 NATO STANDARDIZATION
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Standardization Conference will be held 15 to 18 September in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area. The United States is co-hosting the conference with the NATO Standardization Agency and the Allied Command Transformation (a NATO command). The conference brings together practitioners from North America and Europe to present developments in allied transformation and to facilitate the practical application of standardization in support of NATO.
The conference content will be best suited to Department of Defense military, civilian, and contractor personnel who are from NATO member countries and are required to have a fundamental knowledge of current and future NATO standardization activities and representatives from civilian standards developers who would like to gain more knowledge of standardization. Attendance is limited and may be subject to eligibility requirements.
Information on registration and hotel accommodations is available from the Defense Standardization Office at (703) 767–6872 or on line at www.dla.dsp.mil.
INTERNATIONAL DEFENSE LOGISTICS
The International Defence Logistics 2008 conference will be held 3 to 6 June in Brussels, Belgium. The conference will feature over 50 speakers, including senior officers from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency, the European Defence Agency, the United Nations, and the Organization for Joint Armament Cooperation (OCCAR). The agenda will blend on-the-ground case studies from theaters of operations with enterprise-level explorations of organizational efficiency and transformation to provide an in-depth view of the logistics challenges facing the defense organizations of allied nations in the 21st century.
Interested parties can register online at www.defencelog.com, or call +44(0) 207 368 9465 or email email@example.com.