|AUSA Symposium Eyes Transformation
and Plans for Withdrawal From Iraq
The Army Logistics Symposium and Exposition, held 16 to 18 June in Richmond, Virginia, brought logisticians together to discuss where, when, and how their jobs will be affected in the transformation and troop withdrawal processes in which the Army is currently engaged. The Association for the United States Army’s Institute of Land Warfare hosted the event at the Richmond Convention Center, bringing together Soldiers, Department of the Army civilians, and partners from industry to discuss top logistics priorities.
Lieutenant General Mitchell H. Stevenson, Deputy Chief of Staff, G–4, Department of the Army, explained that while 15 brigade combat teams are forward deployed or forward stationed, “some 26 BCTs’ worth plus 89,000 supporting Soldiers” are actually in this status. “It all adds up to well over 200,000 Soldiers,” said Stevenson. In addition to these overseas commitments, the Army is involved in base closure and realignment (BRAC) moves that will uproot about 250,000 Soldiers and family members in the next couple of years.
Stevenson said that the drawdown in Iraq falls in line with meeting the Army Chief of Staff’s goal of getting the Army “back in balance.” He noted that this is not like Operation Desert Storm, where the Army had little warning when the time came to withdraw. “We know now what we need to be to, in terms of the size of the force, and we have a year-plus to plan this, so we are going through a very deliberate process. One of the things that obviously we have got to do is that everything that we do not need there now we have to start moving again.”
Stevenson said this is not going to be a small task. Theater-provided equipment and contractors’ Government-furnished equipment will pose challenges. He said the goal is to be finished with the drawdown by August 2011, but upcoming Iraqi elections will play a role in the withdrawal timeline. “We are really not going to see significant amounts of drawdown probably until the March timeframe, but that goal of ours hasn’t changed, so that really has put us into high speed from about March to August.”
Lieutenant General James H. Pillsbury, deputy commanding general of the Army Materiel Command, observed, “It [the drawdown] is going to be Desert Stormish-like, and yet the difference is [that] it is going to be executed while we are still in contact in Iraq and certainly in Afghanistan and parts of the world unknown right now.”
During the symposium, the commanding general of the Army Combined Arms Support Command, Major General James E. Chambers, introduced the new keystone doctrine that replaces FM 4–0, Combat Service Support. Field Manual (FM) 4–0, Sustainment, will aid the sustainment community in this move by providing guidance for full-spectrum sustainment operations “This affects everything else in the sustainment community,” said Chambers. “It sets out the principles of sustainment and gets at the philosophy of how we support large formations.” The new FM 4–0 encourages the use of more joint functions in the sustainment community. As Chambers pointed out, “that wasn’t only critical 25 years ago, but more so today as we draw down forces, as we look for economies and we look for efficiencies as we operate together.”
FM 4–0 will also help the sustainment community complete its transformation to a modular force. Stevenson said the transformation is 86-percent complete. All 4 theater sustainment commands are in place, and 11 of 14 expeditionary sustainment commands have been created. “We have another due to come on line next year and another two by FY 2012.” Sustainment brigade transformation also continues.
Pillsbury said that another way the Army and the other services will improve efficiency is through “joint basing,” where “the Services are going to start working together at the installation level.” For example, the Army will run both Fort Lewis and McChord Air Force Base in Washington.
Enhanced Night-Vision Goggles Improve
Day and Night Awareness of Soldiers
Program Executive Office (PEO) Soldier fielded 300 sets of AN/PSQ–20 enhanced night-vision goggles (ENVGs) to the 10th Mountain Division in February. The division is the first unit outside of the Special Forces to receive the new goggles. The ENVGs provide Soldiers clearer night and day vision and faster threat recognition, which reduces collateral damage and fratricide.
The ENVG weighs approximately 2 pounds and includes a 4-AA-battery pack, a helmet mount, and a wiring harness. It offers a better fit than its predecessor, the AN/PVS–14, because the helmet mount’s center of gravity is closer to the face. It is also more compact and easier to store. The ENVG is also compatible with aiming lasers used by the Army’s current weapons systems.
PEO Soldier has been working on a fused imaging system since 2000 and is still perfecting the ENVG. A digital update will soon use digital image processing to improve image clarity.
Excellence in Army Logistics Recognized
by Chief of Staff
The Army Chief of Staff honored 95 outstanding Army units for their accomplishments in supply, maintenance, and deployment logistics at the 2009 Combined Logistics Excellence Awards ceremony on 2 June in Alexandria, Virginia.
The Deployment Excellence Award winners are—
Small Unit. Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 2d Battalion, 146th Field Artillery Regiment, Olympia, Washington.
Large Unit. 172d Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Grafenwoehr, Germany.
Fort Riley, Kansas.
Small Unit. 317th Maintenance Company, 21st Theater Support Command, Bamberg, Germany.
Large Unit. 412th Aviation Support Battalion, 12th Combat Aviation Brigade, Ansbach, Germany.
Supporting Unit. 838th Transportation Battalion, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Army National Guard
Small Unit. 1132d Military Police Company, Rocky Mount, North Carolina.
Large Unit. 146th Expeditionary Signal Battalion, Jacksonville, Florida.
Supporting Unit. Joint Forces Headquarters-Ohio, Columbus, Ohio.
Small Unit. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 316th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary), Coraopolis, Pennsylvania.
Large Unit. 311th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary), Los Angeles, California.
Supporting Unit. U.S. Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (Airborne), Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
The Maintenance Excellence Award winners are—
Table of Organization and Equipment (TOE)
Small Category. Forward Support Company, 54th Engineer Battalion, 18th Engineer Brigade, Forward Operating Base Stryker, Iraq.
Medium Category. Maintenance Troop, Regimental Support Squadron, 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment, Fort Hood, Texas.
Large Category. 1st Squadron, 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment, Fort Hood, Texas.
Table of Distribution and Allowances (TDA)
Small Category. Busan Storage Facility, U.S. Army Materiel Support Center-Korea, Busan, Korea.
Medium Category. Maintenance Activity Vilseck, General Support Center-Europe, 21st Theater Support Command, Vilseck, Germany.
Large Category. Maintenance Activity Kaiserslautern, General Support Center-Europe, 21st Theater Support Command, Kaiserslautern, Germany.
Army National Guard TOE
Small Category. Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 751st Maintenance Battalion, Eastover, South Carolina.
Medium Category. 1344th Transportation Company, East Saint Louis, Illinois.
Army National Guard TDA
Small Category. Field Maintenance Shop 5, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico.
Medium Category. Combined Support Maintenance Shop, Eastover, South Carolina.
Army Reserve TOE
Small Category. 469th Medical Company, Wichita, Kansas.
Medium Category. 425th Transportation Company, Salina, Kansas.
Army Reserve TDA
Small Category. Area Maintenance Support Activity 57 (Ground), New Century, Kansas.
Red River Army Depot, Texarkana, Texas.
Installation Management Command
Small Category. Installation Materiel Maintenance Activity, U.S. Army Garrison, Vicenza, Italy.
Medium Category. Directorate of Logistics, U.S. Army Garrison, Camp Humphries, Korea.
Large Category. U.S. Army Garrison-Red Cloud, Camp Red Cloud, Korea.
|Soldiers from the Forward Support Company (FSC), 54th Engineer Battalion, load equipment and supplies for a logistics convoy while deployed to Iraq in June. The unit, now back in Bamberg, Germany, was the Army’s first deployed unit ever to receive a Chief of Staff of the Army Combined Logistics Excellence Award. In October, the unit will be one of two representing the Army in the 2009 Secretary of Defense Awards. (Photo by SSG Luke Koladish, 114th Public Affairs Detachment)
The Supply Excellence Award winners are—
Level I, Unit (Company, Battery, Troop, or Detachment) Modification TOE (MTOE). 118th Military Police Company (Airborne), 503d Military Police Battalion (Airborne), 16th Military Police Brigade (Airborne), Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
Level I, Unit TDA. 78th Aviation Battalion, Camp Zama, Japan.
Level II, Property Book MTOE. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 30th Medical Command (Deployment Support), Heidelberg, Germany.
Level II, Property Book TDA. 21st Cavalry Brigade (Air Combat), Fort Hood, Texas.
Level III, Parent Level (Battalion or Squadron) MTOE. 212th Combat Support Hospital, 30th Medical Command (Deployment Support), Miesau, Germany.
Level III, Parent Level TDA. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Joint Multinational Readiness Center, 7th Army Joint Multinational Training Command, Hohenfels, Germany.
Level IV, Supply Support Activity MTOE. 558th Transportation Company (Marine Maintenance), 6th Transportation Battalion, 7th Sustainment Brigade, Fort Eustis, Virginia.
Level IV, Supply Support Activity TDA. Aviation Center Logistics Command, Army Aviation and Missile Life Cycle Management Command, Fort Rucker, Alabama.
Army National Guard
Level I, Unit MTOE. 548th Transportation Company, Trenton, Missouri.
Level I, Unit TDA. Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, Joint Forces Headquarters-Guam, Barrigada, Guam.
Level II, Property Book MTOE. Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Battalion, 265th Air Defense Artillery Regiment (Avenger), 164th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, Daytona Beach, Florida.
Level II, Property Book TDA. National Guard Marksmanship Training Unit, North Little Rock, Arkansas.
Level III, Parent Level MTOE. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 135th Aviation Regiment, 35th Aviation Brigade, Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri.
Level III, Parent Level TDA. 83d Troop Command, Tallahassee, Florida.
Level IV, Supply Support Activity TDA. U.S. Property and Fiscal Office, Joint Force Headquarters-Wisconsin, Camp Douglas, Wisconsin.
Level I, Unit MTOE. 406th Adjutant General Company, Kaiserslautern, Germany.
Level I, Unit TDA. 5th Battalion, 80th Regiment, Abingdon, Maryland.
Level II, Property Book MTOE. 311th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary), Los Angeles, California.
Level II, Property Book TDA. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 158th Infantry Brigade, Daytona Beach, Florida.
Level III, Parent Level TDA. 4th Brigade (Combat Service Support), Indianapolis, Indiana.
Level IV, Supply Support Activity MTOE. 889th Quartermaster Company (Supply), Ogden, Utah.
Ordnance and Finance Military Occupational
Specialties to Change in October
Effective 1 October, career management field (CMF) 91 will be the new designator for all mechanical maintenance troops previously part of the Ordnance Corps’ CMF 63. At the same time, financial management Soldiers will change to CMF 36. The changes are part of a move across the Army to reduce the number of military occupational specialties (MOSs) used to identify Soldiers and to more closely align MOSs with officer designations.
The designation changes include the deletion of and the transfer of Soldiers from MOS—
- 44B (metal worker) to 91W.
- 44C (financial management technician) to 36B.
- 44E (machinist) to 91E.
- 45B (small arms/artillery repairer) to 91F.
- 45G (fire control repairer) to 91G.
- 45K (armament repairer) to 91K.
- 52C (utilities equipment repairer) to 91C.
- 52D (power-generation equipment repairer) to 91D.
- 62B (construction equipment repairer) to 91L.
- 63A (M1 Abrams tank system maintainer) to 91A.
- 63B (wheeled vehicle mechanic) to 91B.
- 63D (artillery mechanic Patriot system repairer) to 91P (artillery mechanic).
- 63H (track vehicle repairer) to 91H.
- 63J (quartermaster and chemical equipment repairer) to 91J.
- 63M (Bradley fighting vehicle system maintainer) to 91M.
- 63X (maintenance supervisor) to 91X.
- 63Z (mechanical maintenance supervisor) to 91Z.
All of these sustainment Soldiers remain in the same jobs, with the same titles, except for 63D Soldiers who will become 91P artillery mechanics and will maintain a wider range of artillery equipment.
Officers in area of concentration (AOC) 15D (aviation logistics) are transferring to AOC 15B (aviation combined arms operations).
Other changes include the creation of a new additional skill identifier (ASI) N8, which will be awarded to officers, warrant officers, and noncommissioned officers (ranking from sergeant to sergeant first class) in certain medical, transportation, supply, and ordnance MOSs who have completed the Combat Service Support Automation Management Office Course at Fort Lee, Virginia. ASI 3C is being given to Soldiers ranking from staff sergeant through sergeant major who have completed the Operational Contract Support Course.
Army Budget Supports Current Operations
and Reset of Critical Equipment Assets
President Barack Obama’s proposed budget for the Army, submitted to Congress in May, asks for funds to support overseas contingency operations (OCO), continued modularization of the Army, and reset of forces and equipment. The President is seeking $225.212 billion for the Army for fiscal year (FY) 2010, which is a decrease of $5.78 billion, or 2.5 percent, from the $230.992 billion that Congress appropriated for FY 2009.
The FY 2009 appropriations total includes supplement appropriations approved for operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. This year, the President has requested $83.081 billion for OCO, a decrease of $7.725 billion, or 8.5 percent, from the FY 2009 OCO appropriation of $90.806 billion. However, the President is seeking a $1.994 billion increase in the Army’s base budget to $142.131 billion, or a 1.39-percent increase over the FY 2009 base appropriation of $140.187 billion.
Spending requests by major category are—
- Military personnel: $63.452 billion in FY 2010 (an increase of 5.96 percent from the FY 2009 appropriation).
- Operation and maintenance: $92.849 billion in FY 2010 (up .955 percent from FY 2009 spending).
- Procurement: $30.621 billion in FY 2010 (down 16.53 percent from FY 2009).
- Research, development, test, and evaluation: $10.496 billion in FY 2010 (a decrease of 13.21 percent from the FY 2009 appropriation).
- Military construction: $5.386 billion in FY 2010 (down 24.01 percent).
- Family housing: $796.7 million in FY 2010 (down 17.24 percent).
In FY 2010, the procurement request will support the acquisition of—
- 79 UH–60M Black Hawk helicopters with digitized cockpits, new engines, and wide-chord blades for $1.258 billion.
- 8,027 parachutes for $66.4 million. This includes 7,160 advanced tactical parachute delivery systems, 501 joint precision airdrop systems (2,000-pound variant), and 366 enhanced container delivery systems (which can carry a 10,000-pound load).
- 241 systems from the mine-protected vehicle family, including 52 Buffalo mine-protected clearance vehicles, 93 medium mine-protected vehicles, and 96 vehicle mounted mine detection systems, for $402.5 million.
- 569 M915A5 line-haul tractor trucks for $137.4 million.
- Family of heavy tactical vehicles equipment, including 1,743 heavy expanded-mobility tactical trucks (HEMTTs), 264 heavy equipment transporter system (HETS) tractors, 63 HETS trailers, 540 palletized load system (PLS) trucks, 130 PLS trailers, 5,725 container roll-in/out platforms, 85 enhanced container handling units, and 9,955 Movement Tracking Systems, totaling $1.436 billion.
- Recapitalization of 504 HEMTTs through the HEMTT Extended Service Program for $180.8 million.
- 5,532 trucks and 2,720 trailers of the family of medium tactical vehicles for $1.62 billion.
- 10,214 high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicles (HMMWVs) for $1.532 billion.
- 8,222 light tactical trailers for $97.841 million.
- 121 rough-terrain container handlers for $95.6 million. These will support the movement of a large number of containers through overseas ports and the theater distribution system to forward support areas.
- 555 forklifts, including 480 all terrain lifter, Army system, and 75 5,000-pound light capability rough-terrain forklifts, for $94.2 million.
- 37 water purification systems for $10.2 million. The procurement is for two types of water purifiers: the 1,500-gallons-per-hour (GPH) tactical water purification system, which replaces the aged 600-GPH reverse osmosis water purification unit, and the lightweight water purifier, a portable purifier used during early entry, rapid tactical movement, and independent operations.
- 551 petroleum and water distribution systems for $142.6 million. These include 5 assault hoseline systems, 81 fuel system supply points, 3 advanced aviation forward area refueling systems, 2 modular fuel systems, 143 forward area water point supply systems, 255 hippos, 15 camels, and 47 tank and pump unit systems.
- 24 laundry advanced systems for $21.6 million.
- Field feeding equipment for $61.9 million. This includes containerized kitchens, assault kitchens, refrigeration container systems, and sanitation centers needed to fill Army modular force requirements.
- 20 Force Provider modules for $245.4 million. Currently, the stock of these modular, containerized tent cities has been depleted within Army pre-positioned stocks, leaving only 2 modules on hand for emergency use.
- 273 combat service support medical systems for $45.1 million.
- 36 mobile integrated remains collection systems (MIRCSs) for $16.6 million.
- 973 mobile maintenance equipment systems for $149.4 million. These systems include shop equipment contact maintenance trucks, shop equipment welding trailers, standard automotive tool sets, and forward repair systems for maintenance on the battlefield.
- 117 lightweight maintenance enclosures for $2 million. This is the first new maintenance tent to be fielded to the Army in over 40 years.
- $208.3 million for generators and associated equipment to replace and modernize the Army’s generator inventory. This includes removing gasoline from the generator inventory, reducing generator noise levels, and improving battlefield survivability.
- 1 joint high-speed vessel for $183.7 million. This is the third of three joint high-speed vessels the Army will acquire to support logistics over-the-shore, in-theater port control, and riverine logistics operations.
|The President’s fiscal year 2010 budget request asks for $30.621 billion for acquisitions. This request includes $402.5 million for mine-protected vehicles, 52 of which are Buffalo mine-protected clearance vehicles used by ordnance Soldiers. (Photo by LCpl. Brian D. Jones, Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force-Afghanistan)
New Convoy Planning Tools Provide
a More Complete Picture to Soldiers
Patrol View, a new program to improve the planning and execution of logistics convoys, came on line 1 May through the Tactical Ground Reporting Network (TiGRNET).
TiGRNET is a secure program that provides a computerized map that convoy commanders use to outline the area where a convoy will operate, identify previous incidents (good and bad), and view reports of enemy activity in the area. TiGRNET obtains this information by providing convoy leaders with a platform to enter post-mission reports and attach digital photos and videos and by providing access for intelligence Soldiers to update data on recent construction and battle damage along convoy routes.
The goals of Patrol View are to reduce Soldier apprehension and improve decisionmaking tools for convoy commanders. While in its developmental stage, Patrol View was named Project Tourist. The initiative by ACGS, LLC, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency involved mapping over 4,000 miles of main and alternate supply routes in the Iraqi theater of operations. Aegis Corporation collected the 360-degree-video using a camera embedded with a Global Positioning System. The video will be used in conjunction with TiGRNET’s convoy planning software to provide a better picture of what convoys face.
The post-production process merges video taken from 11 camera lenses into a 360-degree product that allows convoy personnel to see a daylight view of the route prior to mission execution.
The Army’s Rapid Equipping Force (REF) funded and provided oversight of the Project Tourist program, which has been ongoing since October 2008. The finished product, Patrol View, is being managed by the Topographic Engineering Center.
|Colonel Shelley A. Richardson, president of the Army Logistics University; Major General James E. Chambers, commanding general of the Army Combined Arms Support Command; and Congressman J. Randy Forbes, fourth district of Virginia, guide Lauren Morrow in cutting the ribbon to open the Army Logistics University and Simulation Training Center on 2 July 2009. The 340,000-square-foot complex will serve as the training hub for logistics leaders by combining classes currently taking place at the Quartermaster, Ordnance, and Transportation schools into one location. (Photo by Julianne Cochran, Army Sustainment)
Half of Deseret’s Mustard Container Stockpile
Destroyed at Toole Facility
More than 3,199 1-ton containers filled with mustard agent were destroyed at Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility, Utah, on 12 March, marking a 50-percent reduction of the mustard-filled containers stored at nearby Deseret Chemical Depot by the Army Chemical Materials Agency.
In October 2008, Deseret began using a heel transfer system process to remove and break up solidified mustard gas deposits that were too large to be processed by the Toole metal parts furnace.
Munitions and bulk containers known to have elevated mercury levels will not be destroyed until at least 2010.
Historians Gather Lessons From Sustainment Soldiers in Iraq
Dr. Steven Anders, the Quartermaster Historian at Fort Lee, Virginia, and Richard Killblane, the Transportation Historian from Fort Eustis, Virginia, made a 4-day tour of Joint Base Balad, Iraq, in February to collect interviews, data, and artifacts to ensure that the Transportation and Quartermaster Schools are teaching junior Soldiers the most current information available within their fields.
Anders interviewed key leaders from the 304th Sustainment Brigade, an Army Reserve unit from Los Angeles, California, and the 259th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion, an Army Reserve unit from Denver, Colorado, and took a walking tour of the warehouses and yards around Joint Base Balad.
Killblane visited the “Skunk Werks” welding shop of Task Force 1st Battalion, 161st Infantry Regiment, 81st Heavy Brigade Combat Team (Washington Army National Guard). The shop is known for installing the first homemade armor on tactical vehicles in Iraq and was featured on the television show “Monster Garage.” Killblane plans to move this welding shop to the Army Transportation Museum for display once it is no longer in use. Killblane interviewed Lieutenant Colonel Gregory Allen, the battalion commander, and Soldiers from C Company and H Company about convoy security and their deployment experiences.
The data about transportation and quartermaster operations will be turned into historical documentation that will help to improve convoy security and other aspects of conducting missions in the contemporary operationing environment.
|Essential Services for Forward Soldiers
A shower, laundry, and clothing repair Soldier from the 137th Quartermaster Company, 18th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion, 16th Sustainment Brigade, checks for lint in the laundry advanced system at Combat Outpost (COP) Heider, Iraq. Five Soldiers from the 137th Quartermaster Company, an Army Reserve unit from El Monte, California, support nearly 200 Soldiers at COP Heider. (Photo by SFC Adam Shaw, 16th Sustainment Brigade PAO)
DLA Moves Battery Management
to Defense Supply Center Columbus
The Defense Logistics Agency changed the inventory control point of its battery program from Defense Supply Center Richmond, Virginia, to Defense Supply Center Columbus, Ohio, on 10 April. The move supports the alignment of items into the appropriate supply chain. The point of contract for the program is Dan McGrath, who can be reached by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or by telephone at (614) 692–0658.