The latest release of the Global Combat Support
System (GCSS), version 4.2, integrates the functions of the
Logistics Common Relevant Operational Picture (Log CROP) so
that the user now has a “watchboard” application
in the GCSS environment. [A watchboard is a digital dashboard
that facilitates the display and review of information.] This
application allows the joint task force commander to define
thresholds for critical supply items and alerts him when there
are changes to the threshold. The watchboard does not mirror
Log CROP, but its capabilities are in accordance with the watchboard
functional requirements document approved by the combatant
commands and Joint Staff and, in fact, include more functionalities
than Log CROP.
Log CROP was a prototype watchboard capability developed by the J–9/Logistics
Transformation, U.S. Joint Forces Command (JFCOM), to provide the commander with
the ability to monitor critical assets. The watchboard also was a requirement
of the Joint Theater Logistics advanced concept technology demonstration (ACTD),
for which JFCOM was the functional proponent. ACTDs deemed to have military utility
normally are targeted to be integrated into an operational environment or system.
The watchboard application is the result of an agreement between JFCOM and the
GCSS Combatant Commanders/Joint Task Force (GCSS CC/JTF) Program Management Office.
GCSS (CC/JTF) is a Secret Internet Protocol Router Network (SIPRNet) Web-browser
capability currently accessible by all combatant commands, their ser-vice components,
and the Joint Staff J–4. Access to GCSS (CC/JTF) requires a SIPRNet public
key infrastructure (PKI) and a GCSS account. A user may request access to the
GCSS portal from the J–4 at each combatant command.
FIELD SUPPORT COMMAND UNITS ESTABLISHED IN EUROPE AND IRAQ
The Army Materiel Command (AMC) has redesignated five Europe-based combat equipment
units as field support units and established a new field support brigade and
In a 1 June ceremony, two field support units in Iraq were named. The former
AMC Logistics Support Element-Iraq was replaced by the Army Field Support Brigade-Iraq,
and the former Equipment Support Activity-Iraq Zone became the Army Field Support
Battalion-Iraq. General Benjamin S. Griffin, AMC commander, referred to the new
brigade and battalion as the Army’s 911 capability—able to respond
immediately and deliver logistics power wherever and whenever joint forces require.
In a separate ceremony on 24 May at Hammonds Barracks in Seckenheim, Germany,
combat equipment battalions in Livorno, Italy; Bettembourg, Luxembourg; Eygelshoven,
The Netherlands; and Hythe, England, were named as field support battalions under
the Army Field Support Brigade-Europe (AFSB–E). At the same time, a combat
equipment base at Rhine Ordnance Barracks, Germany, became a field support company.
The new units, the first of their kind, were reshaped to enable them to provide
more effective support to expeditionary fighting forces.
General Griffin told the gathered troops and guests that “You are leading
the effort in AMC and setting the standard.” He added that AFSB–E
and its subordinate units are on the “tip of the transformation spear,” harnessing
acquisition, logistics, and technology in a way that will improve support to
WARGAME TESTS JOINT LOGISTICS
A wargame to support development of the
Joint Logistics (Distribution) Joint Integrating Concept (JIC)
was successfully conducted from 16 to 19 May. [For
more information on the Joint Logistics (Distribution) JIC, see the article “Developing
a Concept for Joint Distribution” in the July–August 2005 issue
of Army Logistician.]
The wargame’s objectives were to provide a venue for joint, service,
and Department of Defense (DOD) input; review and modify (where appropriate)
supporting tasks, conditions, and standards to support a capabilities-based
assessment; test and evaluate the concept against the illustrative scenario
and concept of operations; and analyze the consistency of the concept’s “fit” within
a major combat operation focused on the seize-the-initiative phase and setting
the conditions for follow-on decisive operations. Approximately 70 to 80 representatives
from the DOD, joint, service, and functional and regional combatant command
communities participated. Also attending were representatives from working
groups supporting development of other JICs.
The game was structured to accommodate white, blue, and
red cells, as well as capabilities working groups of
8 to 10 participants each to address deployment
and redeployment, reconstitution, sustainment, and repositioning requirements
during the four phases of the campaign. The bottom line for the wargame was
that the concept, including the supporting illustrative
scenario and concept of operations,
was determined to be fundamentally sound. However, some revisions and modifications
were recommended to ensure that the final product is compelling and will enable
Following the wargame and further updating of the concept, the next steps planned
were gaining further insights and guidance from the JIC’s general officer
sponsors, followed by general officer and field officer staffing.
Army vehicles and their personnel from attack by
improvised explosive devices, rocket propelled grenades,
and heavy-caliber machineguns has become a priority
mission in Iraq. Providing
help has been the M1117 Guardian armored security
vehicle, which the Program Executive Office Combat
Support and Combat Service Support is fielding through
the Army Field Support Battalion-Iraq directly to
troops in combat. The Guardian is designed to meet
the security needs of military police Soldiers on
patrol. It carries a three-person crew and is equipped
with a modular, expandable armor system of ceramic
composite material on the outside and a spall liner
on the inside. (The spall liner protects the crew
flakes of material that can chip off the inside of
armor plating when an armored fighting vehicle is
attacked.) The Guardian also has an offensive capability
since it is armed with a .50-caliber machinegun and
a Mark 19 grenade launcher. The vehicle can travel
at speeds up to 63 miles per hour. In the photo above,
a Soldier from the 59th Military Police Company from
Fort Carson, Colorado, inspects his newly issued
HUMVEE DEVELOPED TO PROVIDE
MOBILE COMMAND AND CONTROL
The Joint Systems Integration Command (JSIC) has developed
a truck that can serve as a mobile command post for the joint
task force commander. The command and control on-the-move (C2OTM)
vehicle is actually a high-mobility, multipurpose, wheeled
vehicle (“humvee”) equipped with a satellite dish
and spread spectrum technology that provides the commander
with access to a variety of communications, including secure
telephone, two-way video teleconferencing, the Global Command
and Control System, and three Internet protocols. The commander
can use these systems simultaneously and while the vehicle
is traveling at speeds up to 50 miles an hour. He also can
leave the humvee and still use its communications systems up
to a quarter mile away with a secure wireless system.
The C2OTM vehicle was developed by JSIC (a subordinate command
of the U.S. Joint Forces Command) to meet requirements identified
by V Corps during its experiences in Operation Iraqi Freedom.
According to Lieutenant Colonel Tony Krogh of V Corps, “We
see C2OTM as a primary platform for our commander that gives
him the ability to maneuver around the battlefield and maintain
situational awareness without being tethered to the standard
command post or having to stop and erect some type of a satellite
dish. He can arrive on scene with full situational awareness.”
JSIC built and tested a C2OTM conceptual prototype last year. An operational
prototype was scheduled for a V Corps mission rehearsal exercise in July.
TRACKS TROOPS IN COMBAT ZONE
The new Deployed Theater Accountability Software (DTAS) System,
the Army Human Resources Command (HRC), provides U.S. commanders with up-to-the-minute
headcount information on the 170,000 Soldiers, Marines, Government civilians,
and contractors serving in Afghanistan, Kuwait, and Iraq. DTAS allows users to
retrieve information generated days, hours, or minutes earlier by tactical units
on the battlefield. Fielding of the system began in October 2004. Partnering
with the Army, the Marine Corps’ 2d Expeditionary Force in Iraq is also
using DTAS; Navy and Air Force units in the area of operations may follow suit
According to Lieutenant Colonel Terri Campbell, head of the Design and Development
Branch of the Adjutant General Directorate’s Field Services Division of
HRC, DTAS was designed with “the absolute bottom line that accountability
is the foundation for any support or service that the deployed commander needs
to succeed operationally. If you don’t know who you’ve got, where
they are, and what skills they have, then you’re on shifting sand.”
DTAS interacts with other data systems so that information used for pay, personnel,
and other command activities is kept current. Accountability data are entered
into the system daily at the battalion S–1 level and synchronized with
the theater personnel database in Kuwait as well as with the Enterprise Datastore
at the Pentagon. Information is passed through the Secret Internet Protocol Router
Network (SIPRNET), which is used by the military to communicate classified data.
When a tracked ser-vice member returns from a deployment, the Enterprise Datastore
has a complete record of every place he has been and every duty position he has
held. The system has also proven invaluable in tracking personnel requiring Red
Cross message notifications.
AERIAL RESUPPLY BEING TESTED
A new aerial delivery system that
incorporates global positioning system (GPS) technology could
lead to the use of high-altitude
airdrops to supply Army forces. The system, the Joint Precision
Airdrop System (JPADS), is the subject of an advanced concept
demonstration (ACTD) conducted by the Army, Air Force, U.S.
Joint Forces Command (JFCOM), and industry.
JPADS combines a guided parachute system with GPS. With its
GPS-based aerial guidance unit (AGU) and high-altitude airdrop
capability, JPADS can deliver supplies within 50 to 100 meters
of the target while protecting crews against enemy fire that
can endanger low-altitude runs.
JPADS is a product of Army and Air Force collaboration. The
Army designed the AGU and the parachute decelerators, while
the Air Force created the JPADS mission planner (JPADS–MP).
The JPADS–MP is a laptop computer that fits into the
cockpits of both the C–130 and C–17 transports.
It can transmit weather and geographic data to the system’s
AGU just before the JPADS is released. The AGU then can correct
for any errors and guide the payload to its intended landing
Two JPADS models have been developed so far: the 2,000-pound
load and 10,000-pound load. Under JFCOM’s
limited acquisition authority, the 2,000-pound version probably
will be fielded to warfighters first. The Army Soldier Systems
Center is working on a 30,000-pound load version.
JPADS will be demonstrated at the Precision Airdrop Technology
Conference and Demonstration at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona,
in October. The first military utility assessment under the
ACTD is scheduled for December.
E-NEWSLETTER PROVIDES DPO
Information on initiatives of the Department of Defense’s
(DOD’s) Distribution Process Owner (DPO) is available
through a biweekly electronic publication. The DPO Update provides
information on activities and developments within the DPO community
and facilitates information sharing through various Web links.
The U.S. Transportation Command was designated as the DPO by
the Secretary of Defense in 2003 to serve as the single command
in charge of distribution and supply chain management in DOD.
Subscribers must request that The DPO Update be sent to their
inboxes. To do so, send a blank email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
No subject or message is necessary.
CAPSTONE MANUAL PUBLISHED
ON ARMY’S BIRTHDAY
The Army released Field Manual (FM) 1, The Army, in June to coincide with the
Army’s 230th birthday.
FM 1 is one of the Army’s two capstone doctrinal manuals. (The other is
FM 3–0, Operations.) It establishes the Army’s operational concept
and other fundamental principles for employing landpower in support of national
security, national defense, and national military strategies.
FM 1 converts the joint, expeditionary mindset into written doctrine, emphasizes
military transformation, and incorporates the Soldier’s Creed and Warrior
The 2005 edition of FM 1 is written in an easy-to-read style that avoids jargon
and acronyms. Its publication is the first step in a comprehensive revision of
all Army doctrine. FM 1 is available on line at www.army.mil/fm1.
NDTA ANNOUNCES ANNUAL MEETING
The National Defense Transportation Association (NDTA) will
hold its 59th annual Transportation and Logistics Forum and
Exposition 10 to 14 September at the Manchester Grand Hyatt
Hotel in San Diego, California. Under the theme, “Partnering
for Solutions,” speakers and breakout sessions will
examine current issues and the latest industry trends in
transportation and logistics. For more information, visit
the forum Web site at www.ndtahq.com/forum.htm or phone NDTA
at (703) 751–5011.
NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTERS TO MEET
The 53d Defense Working Group on Nondestructive Testing (DWGNDT) will meet
at the Radisson Hotel City Center in Indianapolis, Indiana, from
31 October to 3 November.
Engineers, scientists, technicians, and managers from all commands and U.S.
Government activities who are responsible for developing or applying NDT methods
in research, engineering, maintenance, and quality assurance are invited to
attend. The meeting is hosted alternately by the Army, Navy, and Air Force.
This year it is hosted by the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Crane, Indiana.
For more information, visit the DWGNDT Web site at http://members.aol.com/dodndt.
|One of the
major missions of U.S. forces in Iraq is to train
Iraqi forces to defend their country against insurgents
and ensure domestic stability for their new government.
Soldiers of the 122d Corps Support Group, 1st Corps
Command, train soldiers of the 2d Motorized Transportation
Regiment, Iraqi National Guard, at An Numaniyah in
southern Iraq. The U.S. Soldiers work with Iraqi
soldiers who develop the training on how to operate
and maintain vehicles. The training culminates in
a convoy live-fire
exercise. In the photo above, an Iraqi trainee drives
a Russian Y–7A truck through the basic training
EQUIPS IRAQI SECURITY FORCES
The central issue facility (CIF) at Kirkush Military Training Base (KMTB) in
Iraq is tasked with equipping two divisions of the Iraqi Army with weapons,
vehicles, communications equipment, and individual gear such as uniforms, boots,
body armor, and hygiene kits.
The KMTB CIF, located 56 miles northeast of Baghdad, is one of four such facilities
that are operated by the Multinational
Security Transition Command-Iraq (MNSTC–I)
J–4 (Logistics). The other CIFs are at Al Kisik, An Numaniyah, and Taji.
In a recent 1-month period, the six-man team at the KMTB CIF issued over 25,000
uniforms, 12,586 pairs of boots and 4,997 sets of body armor. In the same period,
Iraqi soldiers also received 1,039 AK–47 assault rifles, 364 pistols, 5
fuel tankers, 53 other vehicles, 24 general-purpose medium tents, 80 Russian-made
UAZ utility trailers, and nearly 660,000 rounds of ammunition. The team credits
the 26 Iraqi civilians that work with them for helping them keep the pace, especially
with distribution of weapons and vehicles.
from the 536th Maintenance Company, 17th Corps Support
Battalion (CSB), 917th Corps Support Group, 1st Corps
Support Command, repair a high-mobility, multipurpose,
wheeled vehicle that was recovered after it was damaged
by an improvised explosive device during a combat
logistics patrol in Iraq. The 17th CSB, an Active
Army unit from Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, is responsible
for recovery of vehicles for corps units, multinational
forces, and contractors in the Multinational Brigade
Northwest area of operations. Recovery teams determine
the severity of a vehicle’s damage and then
haul the vehicle to a place where further assessments
can be made. If they cannot make repairs at that
site, they move the vehicle to a maintenance site
for repair. If the vehicle cannot be repaired, functioning
parts are removed for use on other vehicles.
“The hope is that once we reach 85 percent of authorized strength equipped
with shoot, move, and communicate items, we can start moving into a sustainment
mode,” said Captain Susan Kane, J–4’s officer in charge of
distribution. As the Iraqis take control of their own logistics, the plan is
for each Iraqi Army division to have its own CIF. They’ll be Iraqi run,
with Iraqi purchased equipment.”
British Lieutenant Colonel William Mead, the deputy J–4, is encouraged
by the successes he has seen in the 6 months he has served with MNSTC–I,
especially by how the Iraqi staff officers have integrated into the command’s
J–4 and the Taji CIF.
“That really is the first step in transitioning,” Mead said. “Integration
at all levels is vitally important. More and more, they want to take on the responsibility
for their own logistics. We just have to make sure they’re set up for
success for the future, not just in the short term.”