FEDERAL RESPONSE TO TERRORISM PLAN IDENTIFIES MILITARY SUPPORT ROLE
The Department of Defense (DOD) will play a key role in countering terrorist and other homeland threats under the recently approved United States Government Interagency Domestic Terrorism Concept of Operations Plan (CONPLAN). The CONPLAN provides guidance to Federal, state, and local governments on how Federal agencies will respond to actual or potential terrorist incidents in the United States.
Six agencies with responsibilities under Presidential Decision Directive 39 collaborated in developing the CONPLAN: the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Department of Energy, Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Health and Human Services, and DOD. The FBI will act as the lead Federal agency (LFA) for crisis management, while FEMA will be the LFA for consequence management.
According to the CONPLAN
DOD serves as a support agency to the FBI for crisis management functions, including technical operations, and a support agency to FEMA for consequence management . . . DOD will provide assistance to the LFA and/or the CONPLAN primary agencies, as appropriate, during all aspects of a terrorist incident, including both crisis and consequence management. DOD assistance includes threat assessment; DEST [domestic emergency support team] participation and transportation; technical advice; operational support; tactical support; support for civil disturbances; custody, transportation and disposal of a WMD [weapons of mass destruction] device; and other capabilities including mitigation of the consequences of a release [of a WMD].
DOD agencies such as the Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases and the Marine Corps Chemical Biological Incident Response Force can provide unique support capabilities in a terrorist incident, particularly if a WMD is involved. DOD assistance requires approval by the Secretary of Defense.
The Defense Threat Reduction Agency is
assessing the vulnerability of seaports used by the military
to chemical and biological attacks. This chemical-
biological seaport protection analysis (CB SPPA), which is sponsored by the U.S. Central Command and the U.S. Transportation Command, is being conducted in three parts.
The first part, completed in January, was a concept-of-operations and doctrinal analysis of a generic seaport. This analysis allows local commanders to understand current vulnerabilities and helps them develop a defense plan for the generic port.
The second part of the CB SPPA consists of assessments at several seaports in the continental United States and overseas. Teams of Defense Threat Reduction Agency military and civilian personnel will visit each port to observe port operations, gather data, interview port personnel, and document their observations.
In the third part of the CB SPPA, the teams will use what they learned from the assessments to develop recommended defense plans for each port. They also will refine the generic seaport defense concept of operations.
Similar seaport assessments have been conducted since 1996 for the U.S. Central Command and the U.S. Pacific Command.
The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is hosting a seminar on "Countering Terrorism" in Shepherdstown, West Virginia, on 30 July through 3 August. This 1-week seminar will examine the threat of terrorism to U.S. security and is directed at those involved in defense, intelligence, security, and law enforcement, including military officers and state or local officials. For more information, call 1-888-676-9632; to register on line, visit the OPM web site at http://www.leadership.opm.gov/np50.html.
HOMELAND SECURITY INFORMATION ON THE WEB
The Worldwide Web provides many easily accessible sources of news and information on homeland security. Among them are
Army National Guard http://www.ngb.dtic.mil
Federal Emergency Management Agency http://www.fema.gov
Rapid Response Information System (RRIS) http://www.rris.fema.gov
International Policy Institute for http://www.ict.org.il
National Defense University Center http://www.ndu.edu
for Counter-Proliferation Research
National Security Institute http://www.nsi.org
The Terrorism Research Center http://www.terrorism.com/index.shtml
Army Soldier Biological and http://dp.sbccom.army.mil
Chemical Command Domestic
US Pacific Command Antiterrorism Site-http://www.pacom.mil/staff/at/athome.htm
In addition, a web site maintained by ANSER Analytic Services, Inc., at http://www.homelanddefense.org contains current homeland security news, a "Homeland Defense Bulletin" that features pertinent new stories each week, and the "Journal of Homeland Defense," which provides a medium for policy makers and first responders to discuss homeland security issues. ANSER's "links" page lists over 20 other web sites that contain information on homeland security issues, as well as hotlinks to 15 Federal organizations and offices that have homeland-defense-related missions.
The Army demonstrated the potential benefits of using advanced information technologies during the Division Capstone Exercise (DCX) at the National Training Center (NTC) at Fort Irwin, California, last April. The 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized) from Fort Hood, Texas, the Army's experimental division for advanced warfighting concepts, conducted the exercise using a distributed tactical Internet to enhance its combat capabilities.
The complex combat environment of the NTC enabled leaders to observe how the digitized equipment holds up and how soldiers can use the digital information that it provides to destroy the enemy. Leaders found that the digital units respond to events with greater agility and precision than nondigital units. Small unit operations were conducted with greater initiative and at a faster tempo, and units were more adaptive to changing situations. Combat formations operating at night and during periods of limited visibility were faster and more lethal than they were before they had the Army Battle Command Systems (ABCS).
The ABCS, commonly referred to as digital information systems, empower soldiers to "move more quickly over the extended battlespace," said Brigadier General James D. Thurman, NTC commander. "The Division Capstone Exercise clearly demonstrated what well-trained and competent leaders can do when they leverage information and use it as an element of combat power."
MTMC REORGANIZATION AIMED AT IMPROVED CUSTOMER SATISFACTION
The Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC) is undergoing a reorganization that will reduce staffing while creating a more efficient and effective organization.
"Restructuring will provide an increased organization focus on customers," said Major General Kenneth L. Privratsky, MTMC commander.
"We are reducing organizational layers, streamlining functions, using best business practices, and effectively leveraging information technology," Privratsky told an audience of 1,600 military, government, and civilian transporters at the annual 2001 MTMC Training Symposium in April.
MTMC's headquarters are located in Alexandria, Virginia. Its Deployment Support Command, which controls ports in the continental United States, Alaska, and Puerto Rico, is located at Fort Eustis, Virginia.
"The most recent changes involve changes to the command's operations structure," said Privratsky. "We have two large operations staffs less than 200 miles apart. We can no longer work that wayinstead of headquarters structures in both Alexandria, Virginia, and Fort Eustis, Virginia, the command has plans to reorganize toward a single organization."
By the end of 2001, MTMC will be 15 percent smaller than it was 2 years ago. That strength will be cut an additional 10 percent by mid-2003. Most of the positions to be eliminated are at the Alexandria headquarters.
"In the future," he said, "a single headquarters will have control over the command's 24 water portsapproximately 2,000 employees . . . It's a big change and it's all aimed at improving our effectiveness in supporting customers." The command's operations center will remain at Fort Eustis.
The reorganization will be phased in slowly, with full completion expected by mid-2003.
The Army has named the winners of the 19th Annual Army Awards for Maintenance Excellence (AAME) for fiscal year 2000. The AAME program focuses on maintenance operations in company, battery, and troop-sized units. Five areas in the maintenance program are evaluated: mission accomplishments, readiness, maintenance training, maintenance management, and innovative execution.
"In competing, units not only improve their maintenance and operational readiness, they also reduce waste and improve their efficiency," said Major Richard B. O'Connor, coordinator for the awards program in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics.
Winners of the 2000 competition are
Active Army Modification Table of Organization and Equipment (MTOE) Units
Light. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 7th Signal Brigade, Mannheim, Germany.
Intermediate. 58th Signal Company, Mannheim, Germany.
Heavy. 297th Military Intelligence Battalion, Fort Gordon, Georgia.
Active Army Table of Distribution and Allowances (TDA) Units
Light. Area Maintenance Support Activity 121_G, North Charleston, South Carolina.
Intermediate. 206th Military Intelligence Battalion, Fort Gordon, Georgia.
Heavy. 527th Military Intelligence Battalion, Camp Humpheys, Korea.
Army National Guard MTOE Units
Light. Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 540th Quartermaster Battalion, Lenoir, North Carolina.
Intermediate. Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 113th Field Artillery Brigade, Greensboro, North Carolina.
Heavy. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 133d Infantry, Waterloo, Iowa.
Army Reserve MTOE Units
Light. Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 394th Quartermaster Battalion, Aguadilla, Puerto Rico.
Intermediate. 425th Transportation Company, Emporia, Kansas.
Heavy. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 489th Engineer Battalion, North Little Rock, Arkansas.
MTMC EVALUATES BULGARIAN PORT FOR BALKANS MOVEMENTS
As part of the redeployment of the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) from Kosovo to Fort Campbell, Kentucky, in February, Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC) transporters loaded 221 pieces of cargo aboard the Military Sealift Command-chartered vessel MV Thelisis at the Bulgarian port of Bourgas. This was MTMC's largest equipment movement on the Black Sea.
The operation was conducted to evaluate the possible use of the port of Bourgas for future equipment movements. MTMC will evaluate the quality of port facilities, Bulgarian military support, and force protection. Having this port available to use in addition to Bremerhaven, Germany, and Thessaloniki, Greece, would add flexibility for moving troops to and from the Balkans.
The port of Bourgas is capable of handling several ships at one time and is near a modern commercial airport. Bulgarian military assistance, including maintenance support, divers, and a navy vessel to provide force protection, reduced the size of the American military presence required. Bulgarian stevedores operated U.S. military equipment and provided quality services that helped make the operation a success.
Bourgas is the second largest port in Bulgaria. The port's proximity to Greece, Macedonia, Serbia, and Turkey and the roads that link the port with major industrial inland points of the Balkans make its possible use appealing when moving units to and from the Balkans.
MV Thelisis arrives at the port of
The 75th Ranger Regiment is seeking a top-quality, highly motivated, branch-qualified captain in Functional Area 90 to serve as the regimental assistant S4. Applicant must be a male and preferably airborne and ranger qualified. However, airborne and ranger qualifications are not required to apply. Prior service in the regiment or special operations community is not required. The duty station is the regimental headquarters at Fort Benning, Georgia.
As a member of the 75th Ranger Regiment S4, the selectee will have the opportunity for advanced schooling such as Airborne School, Jumpmaster School, Pathfinder, and Ranger School. Furthermore, he will routinely work with other special operations forces and have the latest technology at his disposal. The regimental assistant S4 serves an integral role in the planning and execution of ranger operations in both the conventional and special operations arena, including ranger force modernization, weapons technology, regimental maintenance, transportation, and logistics requirements for missions worldwide.
For more information, call (706) 545-5124 or DSN 835-5830, or send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Information on combat service support (CSS) equipment and systems is available to Army leaders in one centralized publication called the "Commander's Smart Book." This compilation of facts and figures on various products lets commanders know what is available and how to get it.
"[The book] is a good idea because some commanders don't know what's out there," said Steve Nye, equipment specialist for 21st Century Fabric Structures at the Army Soldier Systems Center (Natick). "This helps them to improve the quality of life for soldiers and lets them know we're there to help them."
The Commander's Smart Book is a three-ring binder that contains about 80 pages. It is divided into sections on field services, shelters, nonpowered heaters, powered heaters, generators and power distribution equipment, and military operations in urban terrain products. Most of the product sheets in the book list the national stock number and the name and location of the manufacturer. Phone numbers of the project officers also are included.
As a type of "consumer guide" for brigade commanders, the book lists current items and products now available or that will become available within the next 2 years. Updates are planned for every 6 months. Plans are to offer the book on a CD-ROM also.
To request a copy of the Commander's Smart Book, send an e-mail to email@example.com or call DSN 256-5340 or (508) 233-5340.
NATO CODIFICATION SYMPOSIUM SLATED
The ninth International Symposium on NATO [North Atlantic Treaty Organization] Codification will be held 18 to 20 September in Luxembourg. The NATO Codification System (NCS) provides a common logistics language that makes it easier for allies to share equipment and materials. The symposium is held every 5 years. This year it will explore the evolution of the NCS and the challenges facing the system. Participants will have the opportunity to examine codification's place in the transformation of modern logistics and to assess the contribution codification makes to global logistics standards.
Use of the NCS is not limited to NATO members. In addition to the 19 NATO countries using the NCS, 27 other countries either are using the system or have applied to use it. It is used essentially to save money and to aid logistics operations by reducing inventory, avoiding purchase of unnecessary new parts, accounting for supply costs, lowering purchase prices, aiding cross-service supply, supporting supply sharing between countries, reducing equipment downtime, identifying supply items more quickly, and improving vendor tracking. The NCS is the foundation of interservice and intercountry logistics cooperation, and the need for it will only increase.
Information on the symposium is available on the Internet at http://www.nato.int/structur/AC/135/main/links/e_symposium.htm, by phone at (616) 961-4333, or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
DLA CONTINUES DEPOT CONTRACTING
The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) has awarded a contract for operation of Defense Distribution Depot Jacksonville, Florida, to Management Consulting, Inc., of Virginia Beach, Virginia. Jacksonville is the fourth distribution depot to be studied for contracting out.
DLA announced in March 1998 that it would conduct public-private competitions for operation and management of 16 of its distribution depots. In the three studies already completed, Defense Distribution Depot Columbus, Ohio, continued under Government operation, while operation of Defense Distribution Depot Barstow, California, and Defense Distribution Depot Warner Robins, Georgia, was contracted to EG&G Logistics of Manassas, Virginia, in January 2000 and April 2000, respectively.
DLA plans to complete studies of all of the depots by the fall of 2005.
CULINARY EXCELLENCE AWARDS PRESENTED
The 2001 Philip A. Connelly Awards for culinary excellence in dining facilities and field kitchens were presented 3 March in Anaheim, California. Teams from the Army Center of Excellence-Subsistence at Fort Lee, Virginia, and the International Food Service Executives Association from Las Vegas, Nevada, evaluated dining facilities at over 40 installations in 7 countries on food preparation, sanitation, administration, training, and command support training.
Awards were presented in five categories. Winners in each category were
M60A3 TANKS MASQUERADE AS RUSSIAN VEHICLES
Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois, is converting 10 M60A3 tanks to simulate Russian BMP-3 infantry combat vehicles. The modified vehicle, called BMP-surrogate (BMP-S), can be operated manned or unmanned, depending on training requirements.
The extremely high cost associated with acquiring actual threat hardware triggered the initiative to convert M60A3s to BPM-Ss. Each BMP-S the arsenal is building will consist of an M60 hull and drive train with a BMP-3 façade placed on it. Various ductwork and wiring are being added to produce the same thermal imaging as a BMP-3. All installed weapons and hardware will be nonoperational.
The BMP-S gives soldiers an excellent image to locate and track through visual, millimeter wave, or thermal imagery sensors. It will be used as a target in training designed to teach U.S. troops to locate and identify various types of tactical vehicles.
Right, a 15,000-pound turret is being removed from an M60A3 tank hull and will be replaced with the surrogate body.
Above, workers measure the BMP-S before mounting a spotlight. Note that the physical profile of the BMP is lower than that of the M60A3.
"KITCHEN IN A CARTON" BEING DEVELOPED
The Army Soldier Systems Center at Natick, Massachusetts, is developing a new meal package that will allow troops at a remote site to receive a hot meal when kitchen facilities are not available. Self-heated meals for remote-site feeding, or the "kitchen in a carton," will contain separate entrée, vegetable, starch, and dessert trays and plates, cups, utensils, and condiments for 12 to 18 soldiers.
A rectangular box will contain the self-heated meal. Chemicals that are activated by water will heat each food tray. Two versions of this heating system are being developed. In one, a tab sticking out of the top of the box is pulled to release water into the chemicals to activate the heater. Another version uses a collapsible water bottle inserted into a nozzle at the top of the carton to fill the heating trays. The plates, cups, utensils, condiments, and complementary foods, such as hamburger buns, are stored in compartments on each side of the carton.
The Army plans to demonstrate this meal concept at Fort Irwin, California, and Fort Polk, Louisiana, in 2002. Following a successful concept demonstration, the project will be transitioned to advanced development to meet specific military performance requirements.
Information on training courses conducted by the Active Army, Army National Guard, and Army Reserve is now available on the Worldwide Web. The Army Training Requirements and Resources System (ATRRS) web site, http://www.atrrs.army.mil, provides course dates, length, and prerequisites and additional data such as billeting information and points of contact.
On the web site, the "Search the ATRRS Course Catalog" section allows the user to access information by a variety of categories such as course number, school code, state, officer skill, or military occupational specialty.
Once a soldier determines the availability of a course, he still must go through his chain of command to register. The advantage to locating a course on the ATRRS web site is that the soldier has access to information on all courses offered, increasing the chances of locating a course with space available at a time when he can attend.
The Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC) awarded a $33 million contract to Eagle Global Logistics, LP, of Houston, Texas, to move military freight in three states during a 1-year test of third-party logistics. The contract period begins on 1 July and extends to 30 June 2002, with two 1-year renewable terms. Currently, the Department of Defense moves its freight on a global basis through transportation offices at different installations.
Within 90 days, Eagle Global Logistics will begin managing most military freight shipments outbound from military installations in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. These three states have 28 military transportation offices and depots that handle an estimated 50,000 shipments annually. During the test, the Defense Logistics Agency will generate an estimated 60 percent of the freight to be moved. The agency has four depots in the test region: Anniston, Alabama; Albany and Warner Robins, Georgia; and Jacksonville, Florida.
For more information, call the MTMC third-party logistics program coordinator at (703) 428-2295.
The Council of Logistics Management (CLM) will hold its annual conference in Kansas City, Missouri, 30 September to 3 October. This year's conference will focus on "Collaborative Relationships in a Changing Economy." Attendees will learn how to forge relationships with supply chain partners in a fast-paced, technology-driven arena. For more information and to register on line, visit the CLM web site at http://www.clm1.org.
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